Re: [RFC] [PATCH] Clean up fs.h union for ext2

From: Daniel Phillips (
Date: Sun Jan 06 2002 - 21:12:06 EST

On January 7, 2002 02:27 am, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo wrote:
> Em Mon, Jan 07, 2002 at 12:30:58AM +0000, Anton Altaparmakov escreveu:
> > At 22:42 06/01/02, Daniel Phillips wrote:
> > >I wrote:
> > >> To be honest I fail to see how one additional slab allocation will make
> > >> any difference. /
> > > /
> > >You could say the same about any aspect of Linux: and, relaxing your /
> > >standards in such a way, you would inevitably end up with a dog. A /
> > >good fast system emerges from its many small perfections. Half of /
> > >the number of cache entries for inodes qualifies as one of those. /
> >
> > Due to the nature of the content in the vfs vs. fs inode I would expect
> > that one is used independent of the other in many, if not in the majority
> > of cases. If this is correct, then it might well be an actual benefit to
> > have the two separate and to benefit from the hwcache line alignment in
> > the fs specific part. Also considering that allocation happens once in
> > read_inode but the structure is then accessed many times.
> >
> > Please note, I am not saying you are wrong, most likely you are quite
> > right in fact, I am just raising a caution flag that perhaps benchmarks
> > of both implementations for the same fs might be a Good Idea(TM)...
> Yes, having benchmarks done is a good idea and can clear any doubts about
> the validity of such approach on a performace point of view.
> When I did similar work for the network protocols, cleaning up
> include/net/fs.h DaveM asked for benchmarks to see if the new approach,
> i.e., using per network family slabcaches would lead to a performance drop,
> I did it and we realized that it lead to performance _gains_, that in turn
> made DaveM ask for a per network protocol slabcache, which made furter
> memory savings and lead to further performance gains.

Oh, so that's why you were too busy to do the fs.h patch ;-)

> Yes, the usage pattern for sockets and inodes is different, thats why having
> Daniel patches benchmarked against the current scheme can clear up the
> matter about the validity of having the slabcaches.

Yes, I can test against the good old version. Actually, my htree benchmarks
will do nicely here. They process a lot of inodes quickly and they put a lot
of pressure on the icache, which needs to be tested.

> Please note that we can have both approaches by leaving the
> generic_ip/generic_sbp. In the struct sock case I left protinfo as a void
> pointer, like generic_ip and some protocols use the slabcache approach
> while others use the private area allocated separately and its pointer
> stored in struct sock->protinfo.

Even if we leave the generic_ip in the common inode, we will for sure remove
the union at some point, meaning that even filesystems that use the
generic_ip now will have to do a big edit to clean up the fallout. Which
isn't such a bad thing I suppose.

If we wanted to be lazy, we could just leave the union there, with one
element, the generic_ip. How ugly would that be?

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