Re: [PATCH] media: v4l2-mem2mem: fix mem order in last buf

From: Randy Li
Date: Wed Feb 14 2024 - 22:25:33 EST

On 2024/2/15 04:38, Nicolas Dufresne wrote:

media: v4l2-mem2mem: fix mem order in last buf
mem order ? Did you mean call order ?

Le dimanche 11 février 2024 à 02:04 +0800, Hsia-Jun Li a écrit :
From: "Hsia-Jun(Randy) Li" <>

The has_stopped property in struct v4l2_m2m_ctx is operated
without a lock protecction. Then the userspace calls to
protection When ? ~~
Access to those 3 booleans you mentioned later.
v4l2_m2m_encoder_cmd()/v4l2_m2m_decoder_cmd() may lead to
a critical section issue.
As there is no locking, there is no critical section, perhaps a better phrasing
could help.

"concurrent accesses to shared resources can lead to unexpected or erroneous behavior, so parts of the program where the shared resource is accessed need to be protected in ways that avoid the concurrent access."

It didn't say we need a lock here.

Signed-off-by: Hsia-Jun(Randy) Li <>
drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-mem2mem.c | 4 ++--
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-mem2mem.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-mem2mem.c
index 75517134a5e9..f1de71031e02 100644
--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-mem2mem.c
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-mem2mem.c
@@ -635,9 +635,9 @@ void v4l2_m2m_last_buffer_done(struct v4l2_m2m_ctx *m2m_ctx,
struct vb2_v4l2_buffer *vbuf)
vbuf->flags |= V4L2_BUF_FLAG_LAST;
- vb2_buffer_done(&vbuf->vb2_buf, VB2_BUF_STATE_DONE);
+ vb2_buffer_done(&vbuf->vb2_buf, VB2_BUF_STATE_DONE);
While it most likely fix the issue while testing, since userspace most likely
polls on that queue and don't touch the driver until the poll was signalled, I
strongly believe this is insufficient. When I look at vicodec and wave5, they
both add a layer of locking on top of the mem2mem framework to fix this issue.

Maybe a memory barrier is enough. Since vb2_buffer_done() itself would invoke the (spin)lock operation.

When the poll() returns in userspace, the future operation for those three boolean variables won't happen before the lock.

I think this is unfortunate, but v4l2_m2m_mark_stopped() is backed by 3 booleans
accessed in many places that aren't in any known atomic context. I think it
would be nice to remove the spurious locking in drivers and try and fix this
issue in the framework itself.
I tend to not introduce more locks here. There is a spinlock in m2m_ctx which is a pain in the ass, something we could reuse it to save our CPU but it just can't be access.