[PATCH v5 10/19] KVM:VMX: Introduce CET VMCS fields and control bits

From: Yang Weijiang
Date: Thu Aug 03 2023 - 03:37:41 EST

Control-flow Enforcement Technology (CET) is a kind of CPU feature used
to prevent Return/CALL/Jump-Oriented Programming (ROP/COP/JOP) attacks.
It provides two sub-features(SHSTK,IBT) to defend against ROP/COP/JOP
style control-flow subversion attacks.

Shadow Stack (SHSTK):
A shadow stack is a second stack used exclusively for control transfer
operations. The shadow stack is separate from the data/normal stack and
can be enabled individually in user and kernel mode. When shadow stack
is enabled, CALL pushes the return address on both the data and shadow
stack. RET pops the return address from both stacks and compares them.
If the return addresses from the two stacks do not match, the processor
generates a #CP.

Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT):
IBT introduces new instruction(ENDBRANCH)to mark valid target addresses of
indirect branches (CALL, JMP etc...). If an indirect branch is executed
and the next instruction is _not_ an ENDBRANCH, the processor generates a
#CP. These instruction behaves as a NOP on platforms that doesn't support

Several new CET MSRs are defined to support CET:
MSR_IA32_{U,S}_CET: CET settings for {user,supervisor} mode respectively.

MSR_IA32_PL{0,1,2,3}_SSP: SHSTK pointer linear address for CPL{0,1,2,3}.

MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB: Linear address of SHSTK table,the entry is indexed
by IST of interrupt gate desc.

Two XSAVES state bits are introduced for CET:
IA32_XSS:[bit 11]: Control saving/restoring user mode CET states
IA32_XSS:[bit 12]: Control saving/restoring supervisor mode CET states.

Six VMCS fields are introduced for CET:
{HOST,GUEST}_S_CET: Stores CET settings for kernel mode.
{HOST,GUEST}_SSP: Stores shadow stack pointer of current active task/thread.
{HOST,GUEST}_INTR_SSP_TABLE: Stores current active MSR_IA32_INT_SSP_TAB.

On Intel platforms, two additional bits are defined in VM_EXIT and VM_ENTRY
control fields:
If VM_EXIT_LOAD_CET_STATE = 1, the host CET states are restored from
the following VMCS fields at VM-Exit:

If VM_ENTRY_LOAD_CET_STATE = 1, the guest CET states are loaded from
the following VMCS fields at VM-Entry:

Co-developed-by: Zhang Yi Z <yi.z.zhang@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Zhang Yi Z <yi.z.zhang@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Yang Weijiang <weijiang.yang@xxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Chao Gao <chao.gao@xxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h | 8 ++++++++
1 file changed, 8 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
index 0d02c4aafa6f..db7f93307349 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
@@ -104,6 +104,7 @@
#define VM_EXIT_CLEAR_BNDCFGS 0x00800000
#define VM_EXIT_PT_CONCEAL_PIP 0x01000000
#define VM_EXIT_CLEAR_IA32_RTIT_CTL 0x02000000
+#define VM_EXIT_LOAD_CET_STATE 0x10000000


@@ -117,6 +118,7 @@
#define VM_ENTRY_LOAD_BNDCFGS 0x00010000
#define VM_ENTRY_PT_CONCEAL_PIP 0x00020000
#define VM_ENTRY_LOAD_IA32_RTIT_CTL 0x00040000
+#define VM_ENTRY_LOAD_CET_STATE 0x00100000


@@ -345,6 +347,9 @@ enum vmcs_field {
GUEST_SYSENTER_ESP = 0x00006824,
GUEST_SYSENTER_EIP = 0x00006826,
+ GUEST_S_CET = 0x00006828,
+ GUEST_SSP = 0x0000682a,
+ GUEST_INTR_SSP_TABLE = 0x0000682c,
HOST_CR0 = 0x00006c00,
HOST_CR3 = 0x00006c02,
HOST_CR4 = 0x00006c04,
@@ -357,6 +362,9 @@ enum vmcs_field {
HOST_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP = 0x00006c12,
HOST_RSP = 0x00006c14,
HOST_RIP = 0x00006c16,
+ HOST_S_CET = 0x00006c18,
+ HOST_SSP = 0x00006c1a,
+ HOST_INTR_SSP_TABLE = 0x00006c1c