[PATCH v7 00/15] Linux RISC-V AIA Support

From: Anup Patel
Date: Wed Aug 02 2023 - 11:00:57 EST

The RISC-V AIA specification is now frozen as-per the RISC-V international
process. The latest frozen specifcation can be found at:

At a high-level, the AIA specification adds three things:
- Improved local interrupt support
2) Incoming Message Signaled Interrupt Controller (IMSIC)
- Per-HART MSI controller
- Support MSI virtualization
- Support IPI along with virtualization
3) Advanced Platform-Level Interrupt Controller (APLIC)
- Wired interrupt controller
- In MSI-mode, converts wired interrupt into MSIs (i.e. MSI generator)
- In Direct-mode, injects external interrupts directly into HARTs

For an overview of the AIA specification, refer the AIA virtualization
talk at KVM Forum 2022:

To test this series, use QEMU v7.2 (or higher) and OpenSBI v1.2 (or higher).

These patches can also be found in the riscv_aia_v7 branch at:

Changes since v6:
- Rebased on Linux-6.5-rc4
- Updated PATCH2 to use IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SPARC) instead of
- Added new PATCH4 to fix syscore registration in PLIC driver
- Update PATCH5 to convert PLIC driver into full-blown platform driver
with a re-written probe function.

Changes since v5:
- Rebased on Linux-6.5-rc2
- Updated the overall series to ensure that only IPI, timer, and
INTC drivers are probed very early whereas rest of the interrupt
controllers (such as PLIC, APLIC, and IMISC) are probed as
regular platform drivers.
- Renamed riscv_fw_parent_hartid() to riscv_get_intc_hartid()
- New PATCH1 to add fw_devlink support for msi-parent DT property
- New PATCH2 to ensure all INTC suppliers are initialized which in-turn
fixes the probing issue for PLIC, APLIC and IMSIC as platform driver
- New PATCH3 to use platform driver probing for PLIC
- Re-structured the IMSIC driver into two separate drivers: early and
platform. The IMSIC early driver (PATCH7) only initialized IMSIC state
and provides IPIs whereas the IMSIC platform driver (PATCH8) is probed
provides MSI domain for platform devices.
- Re-structure the APLIC platform driver into three separe sources: main,
direct mode, and MSI mode.

Changes since v4:
- Rebased on Linux-6.5-rc1
- Added "Dependencies" in the APLIC bindings (PATCH6 in v4)
- Dropped the PATCH6 which was changing the IOMMU DMA domain APIs
- Dropped use of IOMMU DMA APIs in the IMSIC driver (PATCH4)

Changes since v3:
- Rebased on Linux-6.4-rc6
- Droped PATCH2 of v3 series instead we now set FWNODE_FLAG_BEST_EFFORT via
- Extend riscv_fw_parent_hartid() to support both DT and ACPI in PATCH1
- Extend iommu_dma_compose_msi_msg() instead of adding iommu_dma_select_msi()
- Addressed Conor's comments in PATCH3
- Addressed Conor's and Rob's comments in PATCH7

Changes since v2:
- Rebased on Linux-6.4-rc1
- Addressed Rob's comments on DT bindings patches 4 and 8.
- Addessed Marc's comments on IMSIC driver PATCH5
- Replaced use of OF apis in APLIC and IMSIC drivers with FWNODE apis
this makes both drivers easily portable for ACPI support. This also
removes unnecessary indirection from the APLIC and IMSIC drivers.
- PATCH1 is a new patch for portability with ACPI support
- PATCH2 is a new patch to fix probing in APLIC drivers for APLIC-only systems.
- PATCH7 is a new patch which addresses the IOMMU DMA domain issues pointed
out by SiFive

Changes since v1:
- Rebased on Linux-6.2-rc2
- Addressed comments on IMSIC DT bindings for PATCH4
- Use raw_spin_lock_irqsave() on ids_lock for PATCH5
- Improved MMIO alignment checks in PATCH5 to allow MMIO regions
with holes.
- Addressed comments on APLIC DT bindings for PATCH6
- Fixed warning splat in aplic_msi_write_msg() caused by
zeroed MSI message in PATCH7
- Dropped DT property riscv,slow-ipi instead will have module
parameter in future.

Anup Patel (15):
RISC-V: Add riscv_get_intc_hartid() function
of: property: Add fw_devlink support for msi-parent
drivers: irqchip/riscv-intc: Mark all INTC nodes as initialized
irqchip/sifive-plic: Fix syscore registration for multi-socket systems
irqchip/sifive-plic: Convert PLIC driver into a platform driver
irqchip/riscv-intc: Add support for RISC-V AIA
dt-bindings: interrupt-controller: Add RISC-V incoming MSI controller
irqchip: Add RISC-V incoming MSI controller early driver
irqchip/riscv-imsic: Add support for platform MSI irqdomain
irqchip/riscv-imsic: Add support for PCI MSI irqdomain
dt-bindings: interrupt-controller: Add RISC-V advanced PLIC
irqchip: Add RISC-V advanced PLIC driver for direct-mode
irqchip/riscv-aplic: Add support for MSI-mode
RISC-V: Select APLIC and IMSIC drivers
MAINTAINERS: Add entry for RISC-V AIA drivers

.../interrupt-controller/riscv,aplic.yaml | 172 ++++++
.../interrupt-controller/riscv,imsics.yaml | 172 ++++++
arch/riscv/Kconfig | 2 +
arch/riscv/include/asm/processor.h | 4 +-
arch/riscv/kernel/cpu.c | 26 +-
drivers/irqchip/Kconfig | 25 +-
drivers/irqchip/Makefile | 3 +
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-aplic-direct.c | 326 +++++++++++
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-aplic-main.c | 240 ++++++++
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-aplic-main.h | 53 ++
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-aplic-msi.c | 285 ++++++++++
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-imsic-early.c | 258 +++++++++
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-imsic-platform.c | 328 +++++++++++
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-imsic-state.c | 523 ++++++++++++++++++
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-imsic-state.h | 67 +++
drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-intc.c | 46 +-
drivers/irqchip/irq-sifive-plic.c | 200 ++++---
drivers/of/property.c | 32 ++
include/linux/irqchip/riscv-aplic.h | 119 ++++
include/linux/irqchip/riscv-imsic.h | 86 +++
21 files changed, 2879 insertions(+), 102 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/riscv,aplic.yaml
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/interrupt-controller/riscv,imsics.yaml
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-aplic-direct.c
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-aplic-main.c
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-aplic-main.h
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-aplic-msi.c
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-imsic-early.c
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-imsic-platform.c
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-imsic-state.c
create mode 100644 drivers/irqchip/irq-riscv-imsic-state.h
create mode 100644 include/linux/irqchip/riscv-aplic.h
create mode 100644 include/linux/irqchip/riscv-imsic.h