[patch V3 02/40] x86/apic: Fake primary thread mask for XEN/PV

From: Thomas Gleixner
Date: Wed Aug 02 2023 - 06:21:17 EST

The SMT control mechanism got added as speculation attack vector
mitigation. The implemented logic relies on the primary thread mask to
be set up properly.

This turns out to be an issue with XEN/PV guests because their CPU hotplug
mechanics do not enumerate APICs and therefore the mask is never correctly

This went unnoticed so far because by chance XEN/PV ends up with
smp_num_siblings == 2. So smt_hot-plug_control stays at its default value
CPU_SMT_ENABLED and the primary thread mask is never evaluated in the
context of CPU hotplug.

This stopped "working" with the upcoming overhaul of the topology
evaluation which legitimately provides a fake topology for XEN/PV. That
sets smp_num_siblings to 1, which causes the core CPU hot-plug core to
refuse to bring up the APs.

This happens because smt_hotplug_control is set to CPU_SMT_NOT_SUPPORTED
which causes cpu_smt_allowed() to evaluate the unpopulated primary thread
mask with the conclusion that all non-boot CPUs are not valid to be

The core code has already been made more robust against this kind of fail,
but the primary thread mask really wants to be populated to avoid other
issues all over the place.

Just fake the mask by pretending that all XEN/PV vCPUs are primary threads,
which is consistent because all of XEN/PVs topology is fake or non-existent.

Fixes: 6a4d2657e048 ("x86/smp: Provide topology_is_primary_thread()")
Fixes: f54d4434c281 ("x86/apic: Provide cpu_primary_thread mask")
Reported-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@xxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c | 11 +++++++++++
1 file changed, 11 insertions(+)

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c
@@ -36,6 +36,8 @@
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>

+#include <xen/xen.h>
#include <asm/trace/irq_vectors.h>
#include <asm/irq_remapping.h>
#include <asm/pc-conf-reg.h>
@@ -2344,6 +2346,15 @@ static int __init smp_init_primary_threa
unsigned int cpu;

+ /*
+ * XEN/PV provides either none or useless topology information.
+ * Pretend that all vCPUs are primary threads.
+ */
+ if (xen_pv_domain()) {
+ cpumask_copy(&__cpu_primary_thread_mask, cpu_possible_mask);
+ return 0;
+ }
for (cpu = 0; cpu < nr_logical_cpuids; cpu++)
cpu_mark_primary_thread(cpu, cpuid_to_apicid[cpu]);
return 0;