[PATCH RFC V6 5/5] Documentation/kvm : Add documentation on Hypercalls and features used for PV spinlock

From: Raghavendra K T
Date: Mon Apr 23 2012 - 06:00:56 EST

From: Raghavendra K T <raghavendra.kt@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

KVM_HC_KICK_CPU hypercall added to wakeup halted vcpu in paravirtual spinlock
enabled guest.

KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT enables guest to check whether pv spinlock can be enabled
in guest. support in host is queried via

Thanks Alex for KVM_HC_FEATURES inputs and Vatsa for rewriting KVM_HC_KICK_CPU

Signed-off-by: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Raghavendra K T <raghavendra.kt@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
index 6386f8c..7e2eba0 100644
--- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
@@ -1119,6 +1119,13 @@ support. Instead it is reported via
if that returns true and you use KVM_CREATE_IRQCHIP, or if you emulate the
feature in userspace, then you can enable the feature for KVM_SET_CPUID2.

+Paravirtualized ticket spinlocks can be enabled in guest by checking whether
+support exists in host via,
+if this call return true, guest can use the feature.

diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
index 8820685..062dff9 100644
--- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
@@ -39,6 +39,10 @@ KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE2 || 3 || kvmclock available at msrs
KVM_FEATURE_ASYNC_PF || 4 || async pf can be enabled by
|| || writing to msr 0x4b564d02
+KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT || 6 || guest checks this feature bit
+ || || before enabling paravirtualized
+ || || spinlock support.
KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE_STABLE_BIT || 24 || host will warn if no guest-side
|| || per-cpu warps are expected in
|| || kvmclock.
diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c9e8b9c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/hypercalls.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+KVM Hypercalls Documentation
+Template for documentation is
+The documenenation for hypercalls should inlcude
+1. Hypercall name, value.
+2. Architecture(s)
+3. status (deprecated, obsolete, active)
+4. Purpose
+value: 1
+Architecture: x86
+value: 2
+Architecture: x86
+status: deprecated.
+Purpose: Support MMU operations such as writing to PTE,
+flushing TLB, release PT.
+value: 3
+Architecture: PPC
+Purpose: Expose hypercall availability to the guest. On x86 platforms, cpuid
+used to enumerate which hypercalls are available. On PPC, either device tree
+based lookup ( which is also what EPAPR dictates) OR KVM specific enumeration
+mechanism (which is this hypercall) can be used.
+value: 4
+Architecture: PPC
+Purpose: To enable communication between the hypervisor and guest there is a
+shared page that contains parts of supervisor visible register state.
+The guest can map this shared page to access its supervisor register through
+memory using this hypercall.
+value: 5
+Architecture: x86
+Purpose: Hypercall used to wakeup a vcpu from HLT state
+Usage example : A vcpu of a paravirtualized guest that is busywaiting in guest
+kernel mode for an event to occur (ex: a spinlock to become available) can
+execute HLT instruction once it has busy-waited for more than a threshold
+time-interval. Execution of HLT instruction would cause the hypervisor to put
+the vcpu to sleep until occurence of an appropriate event. Another vcpu of the
+same guest can wakeup the sleeping vcpu by issuing KVM_HC_KICK_CPU hypercall,
+specifying APIC ID of the vcpu to be wokenup.
+1. more information on input and output needed?
+2. Add more detail to purpose of hypercalls.

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