Re: [patch/rfc 2.6.20-git] parport reports physical devices

From: David Brownell
Date: Mon Feb 19 2007 - 11:40:50 EST

On Monday 19 February 2007 6:18 am, Jean Delvare wrote:
> Hi David,
> On Sun, 18 Feb 2007 21:08:07 -0800, David Brownell wrote:
> > Currently a parport_driver can't get a handle on the device node for the
> > underlying parport (PNPACPI, PCI, etc). That prevents correct placement
> > of sysfs child nodes, which can affect things like power management.
> >
> > This patch resolves that issue for non-legacy configurations:
> >
> > * "struct parport" now has a field pointing to that device node,
> > and non-legacy port drivers now initialize that device pointer:
> > - parport_mfc3 (can't test or build; no Amiga + Zorro here)
> > - parport_pc (and stop using only pci_device internally)
> Only in the PCI and PNP cases. Super-I/O and legacy cases still don't
> have a valid device pointer to pass. This annoys me because the laptop
> I'm using for my daily work has such a legacy parallel port,

And SuperIO precludes PNP support? I guess that's one of the Mysteries.

Well, as I said, "non-legacy" configs. One must start somewhere, and
I have no (working) legacy hardware to even try!

> > - parport_serial
> > - parport_sunbpp (can't test or build, no SPARC + SBUS here)
> >
> > * pnp now initializes device dma masks (24bits), preventing oopses
> > when generic dma calls are made using pnp device nodes
> The patch is quite large and I fail to see the relation between the dma
> mask bug and the original purpose of the patch.

Preventing that oopsing, while letting me have a single patch to work with.

> Can you possibly split
> the dma fixes to a separate patch? So we can get this part in the
> kernel faster.

Certainly could; that's one of the comments I expected.

But someone who knows PNP better than I do should confirm that part is
correct; I'm not sure a 24bit mask is correct for *all* PNP devices.
(And while it shouldn't hurt for devices that don't support DMA, it might
still be better not to set DMA masks for such devices...)

> > * some of the layered parport_driver code now uses that pointer:
> > - i2c-parport (parent of i2c_adapter)
> > - spi_butterfly (parent of spi_master, allowing cruft removal)
> Yes, the cleanups in the spi_butterfly driver are quite nice :) They
> didn't apply cleanly on my tree though, I guess you have some local
> changes.

Yes, removal of class_device and friends from the SPI stack. That's a
case where a "struct class" adds no value.

> > - lp (creating class_device)
> > - ppdev (parent of parportN device)
> > - tipar (creating class_device)
> >
> > Sanity tested on a PC, where PNPACPI provides the device to parport_pc,
> > using spi_butterfly. But I've got to wonder about parport DMA...
> Tested on my other machine with has a PNP parallel port too, and it
> worked fine. Great :)

Good! Did you happen to try parport printing, with DMA?

> > @@ -2180,9 +2181,10 @@ struct parport *parport_pc_probe_port (u
> > priv->fifo_depth = 0;
> > priv->dma_buf = NULL;
> > priv->dma_handle = 0;
> > - priv->dev = dev;
> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&priv->list);
> > priv->port = p;
> > +
> > + p->dev = dev;
> This might be the right place to add some warning if dev == NULL, so
> that the remaining drivers can be spotted and ported over time? Or even
> lower in the stack, in parport_announce_port()?

Lower would be better, if there's going to be such a warning; the issue
isn't specific to parport_pc. This version doesn't add such a warning.

> > --- g26.orig/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-parport.c 2006-12-12 19:25:43.000000000 -0800
> > +++ g26/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-parport.c 2007-02-18 09:13:34.000000000 -0800
> > @@ -143,7 +143,7 @@ static struct i2c_algo_bit_data parport_
> >
> > /* ----- I2c and parallel port call-back functions and structures --------- */
> >
> > -static struct i2c_adapter parport_adapter = {
> > +static const struct i2c_adapter parport_adapter = {
> > .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> > .class = I2C_CLASS_HWMON,
> > .id = I2C_HW_B_LP,
> This change doesn't belong to this patch at all, although it is
> correct. I'll be happy to apply it if you send it to me separately.
> (Or it might be even better to get rid of this static structure
> altogether and intialize the fields of the dynamically allocated
> structure individually instead. This would make the driver smaller.)

Smaller is better. ;)

> > @@ -175,6 +175,7 @@ static void i2c_parport_attach (struct p
> > adapter->algo_data.getscl = NULL;
> > adapter-> = port;
> > adapter->adapter.algo_data = &adapter->algo_data;
> > + adapter-> = port->physport->dev;
> >
> > if (parport_claim_or_block(adapter->pdev) < 0) {
> > printk(KERN_ERR "i2c-parport: Could not claim parallel port\n");
> Maybe we should even fail if the physical device is missing, as you did
> in spi_butterfly?

I didn't want to make that call for the I2C stack, certainly not as
part of this patch! The goal here wasn't "fix everything"; rather
to start the fixing, by providing the API and making the most common
cases behave.

> As you know, some i2c subsystem changes are not
> possible until all i2c-adapter drivers have a valid physical parent
> device. I don't want to wait that all parport drivers have been
> updating before we can clean up i2c-core itself.
> Which means that I will have to fix the legacy parport_pc case right
> now, otherwise I will no longer be able to use i2c-parport and this
> isn't an option for me.

I admire your enthusiasm. :)

> What do you think would be the right way to do
> it? A platform driver I guess, and we create a platform device for
> every successful call to parport_pc_probe_port() with a NULL dev
> pointer? That would be a fake driver, as the probe() and remove()
> methods would do nothing as far as I can see, but that's all I can
> think of at the moment.

Yes, a platform_driver ... and ideally, moving all that hardware probing
and scanning code into a separate file. Probe/scan steps shouldn't really
be part of *any* driver.

There are probably good reasons (== deep hardware braindamage on older
systems that are now hard to find) for the strange init sequencing in
that code, but I can't see why they should prevent splitting out

(a) device discovery via probing, PNP, or whatever; from

(b) the driver itself, getting handed a device node that's
pre-configured with the resources reported by discovery.

Maybe the maintainers of the parport stack will have comments. Though
the info in MAINTAINERS seems dated, if not obsolete.

- Dave

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