Re: possible bug in page allocation mechanism

From: Andrew Morton
Date: Fri Feb 16 2007 - 00:54:10 EST

On Thu, 15 Feb 2007 14:11:42 -0800 (PST) Tim Cullen <timcullen2001@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> There appears to be a inconsistenancy with reference
> counts on pages allocated with alloc_pages when order
> is greater than zero. In buffered_rmqueue when order
> != 0 then __rmqueue is called. This returns a page
> pointer that is really a pointer to the first page in
> a group of pages. Subsequently prep_new_page is called
> on the first page of the group but not on any others.
> This results in the first page having a reference
> count of 1 while all other pages in the allocation
> have a reference count of 0. I would think that all
> pages in the same allocation should all have the same
> reference count at the end of the allocation.
> I've looked at this in the 2.6.20,, and the
> kernels. They contain the same code in this
> area.

That's as-designed. All page refcount manipulations on a higher-order page
are supposed to be against the head pageframe.

Also, we have the compound page logic in there to force code which tries to
manipulate the refcount of a tail page to be redirected to the head page.

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