Re: [PATCH] use 64 bit jiffies 1/4

From: Linus Torvalds (
Date: Sun Nov 10 2002 - 20:46:26 EST

In article <>,
Tim Schmielau <> wrote:
>Provide a sane way to avoid unneccessary locking on 64 bit platforms,
>and a 64 bit analogon to "jiffies_to_clock_t()".
>Naming it "jiffies_64_to_user_HZ()" is the only part of these patches I
>expect to be controversial.

I disagree with the implementation of this (and yes, I would also prefer
for it to be called "jiffies64_to_clock_t()"):

> # define jiffies_to_clock_t(x) ((x) / (HZ / USER_HZ))

This is my crapola 32-bit-overflow-horror-thing. Please don't look at it
too closely, since it makes you go blind, _and_ it encourages you to
write more crapola like:

>+static inline u64 jiffies_64_to_user_HZ(u64 x)
>+ do_div(x, HZ / USER_HZ);
>+ return x;

This is wrong. You should really start off by fixing the 32-bit case,
since even that needs fixing anyway (some interfaces really _are_
32-bit, and cannot be expanded).

It also only works for cases where HZ is a direct multiple of USER_HZ,
and yes, my original code has the same problem, but that's not a good
excuse to make it worse. I think it should be fairly straightforward to
get this right, and have a simple

        static inline u64 jiffies64_to_clock_t(u64 x)
        #if !(HZ % USER_HZ)
                do_div(x, (HZ / USER_HZ))
                return x;
                 * There are better ways that don't overflow early,
                 * but even this doesn't overflow in hundreds of years
                 * in 64 bits, so..
                do_div(x * USER_HZ, HZ);
                return x;

(And yes, the above does not return a clock_t, it returns a 64-bit
thing, but people who need to can truncate it to clock_t and live with
the old 497-day overflow of USER_HZ in 32 bits for broken interfaces
like "clock()". This way the caller can use the same function for both
the "true 64-bit result" and the truncated case).

And then we should just remove the "jiffies_to_clock_t()" thing, I
suspect. The 49-day overflow is just too soon for comfort, you're
definitely right about that.

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at

This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Fri Nov 15 2002 - 22:00:21 EST