Re: UNIX domain socket hanging around when not closed

From: Matti Aarnio (
Date: Wed Aug 07 2002 - 10:56:06 EST

On Wed, Aug 07, 2002 at 05:32:51PM +0200, Jan Hudec wrote:
> Hello,
> I have a (possibly stupid) question. Is it OK, that dentries created by
> binding unix-domain sockets remain in filesystem?

   That is the classical behaviour, possibly because of tradition
   where they relate to named pipes created with mknod(1) command.

> What I do is create a unix socket in /tmp and wait for clients to
> connect in. The program removes the socket dentry when it shuts down,
> but it sometimes crashes and the socket remains there.
> Is there some reason the socket should remain unless explicitely
> removed?

   Traditional is also to unlink() the socket name just prior
   to bind(3):ing it just in case there is a left-over entity
   with that name.

   The object name (it is NAMED entity, after all) space is
   filesystem name space. I don't see any reason why not:

      - There could pre-exist the named socket (at a R/O
        filesystem), and no new name needs to be allocated
        in the filesystem for it.

      - The entire named entity would not be allowed to
        exist purely in VFS space, that is: creation wise
        the permission verification could ignore location
        directory being on a read/only file system, and
        just use directory permissions. (Questions about
        memory expenditure, etc. all kinds of trade-offs.)

  What the new POSIX writes about the issue, that I haven't
  yet looked into.

> Jan 'Bulb' Hudec <>

/Matti Aarnio
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