Re: BIG files & file systems

From: Albert D. Cahalan (
Date: Mon Aug 05 2002 - 12:31:19 EST

Randy.Dunlap writes:
> On Mon, 5 Aug 2002, Randy.Dunlap wrote:

>> Albert, your graph shows that the triple-indirect limit is
>> at 8 EB, right?

No, that's the API limit. We use signed 64-bit byte
offsets in our API. (it's just under 8 EiB, which
is about 9.2 EB)

I do see one flaw on my graph. That horizontal line
at 1 TiB ought to be at 2 TiB apparently. It's for
the kernel limit, perhaps only on 32-bit hardware.
This changes the limit with 4096-byte blocks from
1 TiB to 2 TiB, so the filesystem's 4.4 TB is still
out of reach.

> Yes, but your text (email) explanation puts it at around
> 4.4 TB. Got it.

If we had quadruple indirection, then we'd hit a 17.6 TB
limit (16 TiB) due to the 32-bit block numbers. With an
8192-byte block size, we'd hit the block number limit
at 35 TB (32 TiB) before hitting the triple-indirection
limit. Of course none of this gets you past the kernel
limit at around 2.2 TB.

I believe we allow 8192-byte blocks on the Alpha.
You might want to look into that. IA-64 maybe too.

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