Re: [PATCH] [RFC] [2.5 i386] GCC 3.1 -march support, PPRO_FENCE reduction, prefetch fixes and other CPU-related changes

From: Luca Barbieri (
Date: Mon Aug 05 2002 - 04:31:17 EST

On Mon, 2002-08-05 at 11:49, Alan Cox wrote:
> On Mon, 2002-08-05 at 09:12, Luca Barbieri wrote:
> > So I'm only replacing the lock; addl $0,0(%%esp) with the Xfence
> > instructions which are more efficient.
> The original code has rmb not doing any kind of CPU operation, and wmb
> likewise. (Quoting 2.4 and 2.5.29 here)
No. As you quote below, it does a lock addl which is a serializing

lfence is the same but doesn't serialize write operations and is
probably more efficient since it is designed for the purpose of
serializing load operations.
mfence is like lfence but also serializes writes.

However I don't have a Pentium 4 so I haven't done any checking or

> You don't need stronger barriers except on the Pentium Pro or the
> Winchip because of the guarantees already made by the processor and by
> the PCI interface.
> The only case you need a store fence with non buggy/weird processors is
> when you do non temporal stores. In that situation the barriers are
> still not needed because the non temporal using functions already have
> their own sfence instructions and need them.
I agree and the patch only adds sfence _if_ CONFIG_X86_OOSTORE is
defined (and CONFIG_X86_MMXEXT is also defined).

> #define mb() __asm__ __volatile__ ("lock; addl $0,0(%%esp)":
> :"memory")
> #define rmb() mb()
> #define wmb() __asm__ __volatile__ ("lock; addl $0,0(%%esp)": :
> :"memory")
> #else
> #define wmb() __asm__ __volatile__ ("": : :"memory")
> #endif
> For the PPro a lock addl is the most efficient one I know of for working
> around the store order errata. If you want to optimise it further then
> the winchip appears to be fractionally faster using an rdmsr() but that
> impacts registers so wants more profiling
This isn't changed.

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at

This archive was generated by hypermail 2b29 : Wed Aug 07 2002 - 22:00:26 EST